India IT spending is forecast to reach $72.3 billion in 2016, a 7.2 percent increase from 2015, according to Gartner. The IT industry is being driven by digital business, and an environment driven by a connected world. Gartner predicts spending on Internet of Things (IoT) hardware will exceed $2.5 million every minute in 2016. Mike Harris, group vice president at Gartner, explained today to an audience of more than 1,000 CIOs and IT leaders at the sold out Gartner Symposium/ITxpo, that interconnections, relationships, and algorithms are defining the future of business.
“In five years, 1 million new devices will come online every hour. These interconnections are creating billions of new relationships. These relationships are not driven solely by data, but algorithms,” said Partha Iyengar, distinguished analyst and head of research at Gartner India. “Data is inherently dumb. It doesn’t actually do anything unless you know how to use it; how to act with it. Algorithms are where the real value lies. Algorithms define action. Dynamic algorithms are the core of new customer interactions.”
The algorithmic economy will power the next great leap in machine-to-machine evolution in the Internet of Things. Products and services will be defined by the sophistication of their algorithms and services. Organizations will be valued, not just on their big data, but the algorithms that turn that data into actions, and ultimately impact customers.
“India will continue to be the fastest growing IT market for the second year in succession and will continue growing to total $87.67 billion by the end of 2019,” said Aman Munglani, research director at Gartner. “India is currently the third largest IT market in Asia/Pacific, and by 2019 India will become the second-largest IT market within the Asia/Pacific region, following China.”
Devices, which include mobile phones, PC’s and tablets, will account for almost 33 percent of the overall IT spend in India, and the devices segment will grow 9.4 percent in 2016. Mobile phones will continue to be the single largest technology sub segment in India and the third fastest-growing through 2019.
“Data center systems will grow 3.9 percent in 2016, with most of this growth coming from enterprise network equipment and servers that will grow at 5.9 percent and 5.3 percent, respectively. IT services, which accounts for 18.1 percent of overall IT spend in India, will be the fastest growing segment in India in 2016 with 13.8 percent growth year on year. Within these segments, business IT services will grow 15.2 percent over 2015 figures,” said Mr. Munglani.
Software, which accounts for nearly 7 percent of IT revenue in India, will grow 12.7 percent as a segment, but within this segment, enterprise application software will be the fastest growing sub segment in 2016, with revenue forecast to grow 16.2 percent over 2015. Communication services will continue to account for the largest share of IT spend in India and will account for 39.2 percent of revenue in 2016, however, this will also the slowest growing segment with a 2.1 percent increase in revenue in 2016.
The driving force behind this IT spending growth is the emergence of digital business.
Digital business is when new businesses designed with both the physical and digital world are brought together. As analog revenue flatten, and decline for many industries, businesses are shifting to digital revenue from digital business. Global digital commerce is now over $1 trillion, annually.
“Leading CEOs have told Gartner that their digital revenue will increase by more than 80 percent by 2020. 125,000 large organizations are launching digital business initiatives now, “said Mr. Harris.
For digital business to succeed, companies are creating innovation units. New digital initiatives are running alongside their traditional analog businesses. The business itself is bimodal.
“Organizations are creating separate business units, focusing on digital, separate from their traditional businesses (Mode 1),” said Mr. Iyengar. “They are trying new ways of reaching the customer, of running operations, of driving diverse innovation. They are acquiring and investing in digital technology companies, not waiting on existing suppliers to build capabilities because they have to start in a different place.”
“Traditional organizations move too slowly when they build digital on old Mode 1 platforms. The solution is to create a type of bimodal organization, introducing a new Mode 2 platform, with a different emphasis. The Mode 2 platform uses more cloud than in-house infrastructure and applications, “added Mr. Iyengar.
The new platform is less about data gathering, and more about intelligent algorithms to act on the data. Platforms matter because business as a whole has gone bimodal. You need IT that supports a bimodal business. Over a third of CIOs have gone bimodal just within IT, creating innovation units, running at Mode 2 to break out of the traditional, slow, but stable approach, which is Mode 1.
Security and Risk
Today, the Risk and Security officer is mostly concerned with old technology risks. They’ve become obsessed with external hacks, chasing the impossible goal of perfect protection. However, 65 percent of CEOs say their risk management approach is falling behind.
Organizations know this, and they’ve slowly devoted more resources to security, as safety and quality issues have become more dominant factors. Gartner predicts that by 2017 the typical IT organization will spend up to 30 percent of its budget on risk, security and compliance, and will allocate 10 percent of their people to these security functions. That’s triple the levels of 2014.
“You can’t control the hackers. You can control your own infrastructure by using more automation, more outsourcing, and more network-based algorithms. Simplify your systems. We must move away from trying to achieve the impossible perfect protection, and instead invest in detection and response. The average malware lies dormant, unnoticed, for more than seven months before it is activated or detected. IT leaders must get better at sensing these dormant threats,“ said Mr. Harris.
CIOs need to rethink their security and risk investments. Gartner recommends that enterprises move their investments from 90 percent prevention/10 percent detection and response, to a 60/40 split.
For CIOs to truly transform, they need three things: 1. they need a different approach to technology and investment, 2. they need new digital suppliers, 3. they need to create an innovation competency.
“To accelerate the creation of a new digital technology platform, leading companies are acting as venture investors. They are not waiting for current suppliers to build digital capabilities. Instead, they are investing in small technology startups. They are buying a stake in their future, guiding their direction,” said Mr. Iyengar.
Even if a CIO technology isn’t a venture investor, the landscape for the technology buyer will change. If a CIO is going out to buy products and services, that CIO will need new capabilities that most Mode 1 suppliers don’t have, or are struggling to deliver.
“The new suppliers of digital platforms must be: able to support fast-fail projects; in the cloud, on demand, and highly automated with short-term engagements and pay-as-you-go models; and provide real-time insights with advanced automation,“ said Mr. Munglani.